The garden greenhouse is now common among individuals who love gardening. All the gardening tips say it: this installation is perfect to indulge in this hobby, whatever the weather or the season, whether to sow, to make his first garden, to plant, to find a shelter for crops … However, it is necessary to define its needs before installing one. Different structures are in fact marketed: germination greenhouse, wintering greenhouse, etc.
Use a greenhouse, why?
Snow in the garden: the tunnel greenhouse protects vegetable crops – Virginie Klecka – V. Quéant – Rustica
Greenhouse cultivation is necessary to protect plants from cold weather and climatic hazards. This structure is used to protect certain plants sensitive to rain or certain diseases such as tomatoes and strawberries. For some gardeners, the greenhouse is mostly a way to have a winter garden and enjoy beautiful plants all year round. However, for plants to develop properly, some parameters must be taken into account: brightness, temperature and humidity.
It is also necessary to differentiate between the different greenhouses: pleasure greenhouse, tunnel greenhouse, balcony greenhouse and greenhouse frame .
Differentiate between different types of greenhouse
Ultra comfortable greenhouse for the garden – F. Marre – Rustica
To avoid making mistakes in your choice, it is imperative to know the difference between a hothouse or tunnel greenhouse.
This greenhouse allows many crops depending on its size, shape and materials used for its construction . It should be known that the greenhouse of amenity is flexible, its functions varying according to the needs. It can be heated or air conditioned depending on the culture chosen. It can also be used as a wintering station for plants stored there until spring. If this is the case, it is not heated and is used as a cold room. This type of greenhouse also helps protect plants from rain and hail. This plant is ideal for plant species that support the cold.
When heated to 18 ° C, the greenhouse can be used to prepare spring seedlings or to protect chilly plants from freezing.
The structure of a hobby greenhouse can be aluminum, plastic or wood. The choice of panels is also quite wide: tempered glass, horticultural glass, transparent or cellular polycarbonate.
Serre Serranova at Jardiland
The tunnel greenhouse
The tunnel greenhouse is intended for vegetable gardening. It protects plants from cold, rain, wind, hail and snow. It also extends seasons to increase yield or promote plant growth. This type of greenhouse can be high or low. A tall greenhouse allows the cultivation of plants that need stakes to climb the example of tomato. In contrast, the low greenhouse is suitable for varieties that grow close to the ground such as strawberries and salads.
Greenhouse with a pierced protective film – Franck Boucourt – Rustica – Vegetable garden of Madame Bertin
The balcony greenhouse
Ideal in the absence of a garden, the balcony greenhouse can grow plants on a balcony or terrace . Its function is the same as that of the other greenhouses, that is to say to protect the plants from the frost or to reproduce the ideal conditions to help the plants to blossom. The balcony greenhouse is usually leaning against the wall. Its steel or aluminum structure is covered with a transparent plastic film or a special winter film.
Be sure to always offer winter protection to a mini balcony greenhouse on a terrace – C. Rattle – Rustica
Know the advantages of different materials
Greenhouses are built in different materials. It is thus necessary to know their advantages and their specificities in order to make the right choice.
A glass greenhouse brings a very marked English charm to the garden – E. Brencklé – Rustica
Glass is probably the material that offers the most transparency. Thus, sunlight easily passes through it. In addition, the glass remains in the same state and does not become opaque with time. However, it can break easily in case of shock or hail.
Plastic offers the same brightness as glass, but is more resistant to shocks and weather. On the other hand, the plastic becomes opaque with time and does not allow the light of the sun so much anymore.
The aluminum greenhouse is light, does not rust and can last for years depending on the quality. On the other hand, its insulation level is low. A cheap structure can also be easily deformed under the force of the wind in the event of a storm. We must therefore invest in a good quality aluminum structure.
Very aesthetic and very good thermal insulation, the wood however needs a lot of maintenance. In the case of painted wood, it is necessary to give it a paint stroke once every two years to preserve it. Note that the wooden elements that make up the structure are generally quite large. They bring shady areas inside.
Steel is suitable for the construction of large greenhouses. This material is heavier, more resistant, but is susceptible to rust if not treated properly.
Respect certain rules when installing a greenhouse
Compliance with certain rules is essential when installing a greenhouse, particularly with regard to foundations and orientation. Without a good foundation, the greenhouse may bend at the slightest gust of wind. They are usually made of cast concrete or concrete slabs. It is also possible to set up aluminum foundations to save time.
The orientation and location of the greenhouse are also very important. To make the most of the sun’s rays, the greenhouse must ideally be facing north-south. In addition, it must be protected from the wind.
Visual opening: Nature and Discoveries Zinc mini greenhouse