Choose your kitchen layout: the 4 most common types

Old rose kitchen at (c) GOAL

Because we spend a lot of time, the kitchen, which is also a piece of “technical” type as well as the workshop or garage, must be as comfortable as functional. The more his installations optimize the available volumes the more his use will be practical. Choose from the 4 most common types of cuisine.

Kitchen layout: ask the right questions first!

Am I really cooking blue cord for such a big work plan? Can the table be retractable? How much are we at each meal? Is the kitchen the dining room of the whole family or only of the children? Where are we all together? What meal do we share most often: dinner, breakfast? What is the size of the biggest “cook”: does he need a higher work plan? How big is my cooking robot fetish? What can hang on the wall? Where to hide sorting bins? …

Well lighting your kitchen: it is important that each plan has a clean lighting that can be fixed under the upper furniture or suspensions. Tip: ensure that the height of the lampshade of the latter does not bother the cook bent over his work and does not prevent him from talking with other people located on the other side of the work plan. blocking the field of vision.

Special cases: If one of the walls is occupied by a window (a chance), place the sink in it, making sure that the faucet does not interfere with the opening. Folding models exist today.

The different locations of kitchens:


  • Implantation 1: Linear cooking 

Linear type kitchen


1. Kitchen plan at a counter

Cooks recommend for a narrow enclosed kitchen or kitchen-living plan at a counter. The sink is usually located in the center of a straight line, with the cook station and the refrigerator on each side, so that trips from one station to another are not permanent.

Ideally provide a worktop between the sink and the hob and a second between the sink and the refrigerator.

When the kitchen is closed, place a table, retractable if necessary, against the opposite wall. This side table can also serve as a work plan for exceptional meals more complex to prepare. It must always be ensured that traffic remains comfortable outside meal times.

When the kitchen is in the living room, define a traffic area on the kitchen side using a coating different from the rest of the room, particularly resistant to water and stains. This will delimit the two spaces.

2. Kitchen plan with two parallel counters

Recommended for long parts that can open at both ends, this arrangement optimizes movement between workstations but requires them to be in a triangle.

For two people to cross in a kitchen of this type, do not expect less than 1.20 m between the two work plans otherwise comfort will get lost.



  • Implantation 2: The L-shaped kitchen

L-shaped kitchen


The L-shaped kitchen often reconciles the preparation of meals and the dining area. Practical, it is easy to arrange because it is rare that there are not two adjacent walls in a kitchen. Turnstiles are now used in the corner cabinet, whose prices have become more popular. More intelligent storage space allows space to be uncluttered.

The worktop will preferably be between the refrigerator and the sink. Another may be between the sink and the hob.



  • Implantation 3: The U-shaped kitchen

U-shaped kitchen


Small and large kitchens, either closed or open, are suitable for this configuration provided that the central space is 2 meters or more wide for travel. The sink will then be placed in the center of the U where everything remains at hand and where storage can be multiple.

In the case of an open kitchen: separate the dining area of ​​the kitchen by one of the work planes composing the arms of the U. Storage opening preparation side AND side meal are very functional. You can integrate the sink and / or the cooking station if you can install the hood above. But this separation is the perfect place to create a bar. To eat or sit comfortably provide an overflow of the tray of at least 30 cm.



  • Implantation 4: The kitchen with central island

Kitchen with a central island


The island is suitable for large rooms and all types of development (I, L, U …). Often used as a supplementary worktop, it can also be used as a separate workspace when the walls can not accommodate it (canopy, low windows). But to be sufficient to itself it will have a width of the value of two boxes of 60 cm deep to accommodate sink, oven, plates and storage. Then predict the flow of arrivals and evacuations of water, gas and all electrical connections.

Practical: by overflowing the tray or providing a retractable it also becomes a dining area.


Before stopping your choice among these 4 types of cuisine, test all the possibilities that can be considered with online software like HomeByMe, free designer of 3d plans. True interior decoration assistant the tool will be of a precious help to you. Check out other people’s projects and compare yours. Visualize your kitchen in all its configurations. Print and present the ideal design to the craftsmen who will carry out your work or DIY superstores where you will provide …